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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 16, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and hong kong tourism board. >> i'm going to take you on a culinary journey to consume a whole cow. look at all of these beef dishes. i love eating like this. one thing you should not miss in hong kong is sea milk.
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this is great. my gift to you, slow-cooked beef tongue in chocolate basil sauce. cheers. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is bbc world news america. reporting from washington. paris remains a city on edge after friday's deadly assault. more than 160 raids were carried out overnight as investigators identify six of the attackers. >> we are at war. a new type of war against the new sort of enemy. >> police have identified this man as the suspected mastermind. he is a belgian of moroccan descent, now thought to be in syria.
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a minute silence is held to remember those skilled in the -- those killed in the attack as the eiffel tower is lit up in red, white, and blue. welcome to world news america. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. tonight the french president has declared his country's military campaign against islamic state will intensify following the paris threeks in nights ago. 129 people were killed. earlier today there was a minute silence to remember the big. overnight, there were more than 160 raids carried out across france and belgium is also a main focus of the investigation. we begin our coverage with our europe editor in paris.
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>> after the tears and the screams, a minute of silence. beyond, fors and those murdered on friday. ♪ >> ending with an emotional burst of patriotism from the people and their president. ♪
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♪ [applause] at salazar station in paris, people told me the moment of reflection was hugely important. >> we are french. the attacks were aimed at us, had my generation. it could have been me. it could have been him. >> we never thought this would happen to us, but terror has happened to us here at home.
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>> this is the man in investigative -- investigators now believe coordinated the attacks. he called in this video for the murder of those fighting islam. he has been linked to other attacks in europe. he was born in brussels and filmed here in syria where he is thought to be. here in france, police have identified the remains of at least five of the suicide bombers. one of them worked as a driver on the 148 bus route here in the french capital before disappearing to syria three years ago. his family's home in northern paris was one of many properties targeted last night in antiterrorist raids across the country. more than 100 people were put under house arrest. the authorities here are nervous there could be plans for further attacks. at an extraordinary meeting of the french parliament today, president hollande said france
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is now at war. >> the acts committed on friday night in paris are acts of war. but terrorism will not destroy the french republic because the french republic will defeat terrorism. >> the president wants to silence critics who say he is weak and has failed on security. he called today for a state of emergency to be extended by three months and for changes to the french constitution to better tackled terror. after a long weekend filled with anguish, today on monday it was back to work for a rizzi ends -- parisians, but far from back to normal. they are constantly on their smart phones trying to digest us
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rumor and arrest. here on the streets, people worry that security of their country is far from guaranteed. you see policemen and soldiers all over central paris now. the government promises even more. tough political talk of a war on terror make some provisions nervous that it could raise the risk of more violence here at home. >> president hollande and his ministers have been insisting that the state of national emergency is essential, if they are to have the power they need to pursue all of the suspects. the prime minister went a step further and said france is now dealing with a terrorist army, which he said is also preparing terror attacks in other european countries. a clearer picture is emerging of those who carried out the attacks across the city. seven of the attackers are known to have died. three were suicide bombers at the stadium north of paris. one was a belgian man known to french officials, another had
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traveled through europe from greece. they said he arrived there claiming he was a migrant. three gunmen attacked the theater, one had previously been charged with terror offenses and was wanted by police. the other was known to the authorities. in the shootings at the nearby restaurant, the man who blew himself up came from belgian -- from belgium and was also wanted by police. our international correspondent is in belgium and has the latest on the expanding investigation. >> today a quiet, residential street in brussels became the center of the hunt for the most wanted man in europe. the person they are looking for is one of the key suspects in the paris attacks. saleh abdeslam. his brother is believed to have blown himself up in paris. now he is on the run, perhaps hiding in the very area where he grew up.
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the police have been conducting very intensive house to house searches over the last couple of hours or so. we have also seen bomb disposal experts moving from property to property. there are rumors that arrests have been made. at the moment nothing is confirmed. this is the district in the belgian capital that has been repeatedly associated with different terrorist plots and plans, raising serious questions about the capability of the belgian security forces not only to control the area but to monitor what happens inside it. a failed gun attack on a train, a plot to carry out a mass shooting in eastern belgium, and now the attacks in france. all with links possibly to this man, named by the french as the mastermind of the paris attacks. the belgian policing to be struggling for it leads. today they released the brother
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of abrahim abdeslam. >> we think of the victims and their families, but you also need to understand that we have a mother and that he is still her son. >> make no mistake, there are problems here. few jobs, few chances, and life removed from the high power and politics in brussels leave them prone to the militants. you say that you knew the brothers. what were they like? >> they were kids that grew up in the same neighborhood that i did. they have no future. they were not looking for jobs or training. but they were cool guys. they liked music, smoking, and girls, just normal guys. >> what is it about this specific area that accounts for a number of attackers and the
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number of different incidents having come from or spent time here? >> nothing you can easily keep a low profile here. there's a large muslim community and if someone wants to hide, this is a good neighborhood to do it. >> even the government admits it has made mistakes here, calling it a giant problem it is failing to control. per capita, belgium has sent more fighters to join islamic state than any other country in europe. and often their families know nothing about it. we met a friend of their sister leaving the family home. >> you are friends with the sister? have you spoken to her since it happened? what is her reaction? how is she and how are the parents? >> they are all in shock. she is devastated which he tries
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to sleep, to forget, and not to think about it, but she cannot. >> it's more than just the hunt for a key suspect. it is lives destroyed, families broken. the challenge is to find out what causes young men here to become violent, and how to find and stop those who do. >> the focus on the investigation in belgium, but is the latest on paris, tim there. just bring us up-to-date with the investigation following the attacks. what is now the focus of the french authorities there ♪ the investigation is extremely fast-moving, not only in france but across the border in brussels as well. the french prime minister says it seems the attacks were plotted in syria, plant in belgium, and executed with
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french accomplices here in france. crosses several european countries and goes right back to syria itself. has been toresident the palace of versailles today to address the senate and the assembly, which is a rare occurrence. he wants to extend the state of emergency for another three months. he said there would be another 5000 police officers and security personnel. he also says potentially there were 10,000 islamic fundamentalist on french soil, it's a massive problem and they want to smash it but they know they can only do it with international help. >> what is the mood like among the people you have been speaking to? it's very strange, actually. , there after the attack
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was still a palpable sense of shock. people were bewildered. in the early morning, people were looking out of there bedroom windows, looking down at lunch stained pavement. -- bloodstained pavement. there was just a real sense of shock. elsewhere in paris, things seemed to be getting back to they understand life will never be quite the same as it was before the attacks. the new state of emergency extends and they know there will probably be restrictions on movement, human rights in terms of surveillance and things like that. the president making it clear that france is the homeland of human rights, but this is a war. on the first working day of the week since those attacks on friday night. in response to friday's deadly attacks, france has stepped up airstrikes on islam and state
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targets in syria and today in turkey, president obama defended the u.s. strategy for combating i.s. militants. this is what he had to say. understoodalways that this would be a long-term campaign. there will be sets back -- setbacks and successes. the terrible events in paris were obviously a terrible and sickening setback. even as we grieve with our french friends, we cannot lose sight that there has been progress being made. >> for more on the fight against islamic state, i spoke a short time to john mclaughlin, former executive -- deputy director of the cia. paris aattack in tipping point now in the fight against islamic state? >> it feels like a tipping point to me, for a variety of reasons. as you know, we have our differences with the russians and the iranians and they with
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us. i have a sense that this will drive all of us to put some of that aside and to look at this in terms of priorities and make the priority here the defeat of the islamic state. i think that is where this is going. it may be a tipping point in terms of a sense that has been expressed over the last two days that more needs to be done, that however many virtues the strategy has, it doesn't feel quite right for the circumstances we are seeing. >> it is that point that president obama was questioned on in turkey. many are saying to him is the , strategy against islamic state working? he was very defensive, saying he believes it is. do you think he can go on seeing that we've seen beirut, russia, the jetliner coming down over the sinai peninsula, and now paris. how much longer can we say the strategy is working when we have attacks like this?
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>> i understand what he is saying. the president is a very intelligent man and there is a certain logic to his argument and the strategy he defense. somehow in the current circumstances, it is just not quite persuasive. there are number of things working here that have changed the conditions we face. in this circumstance, among other things, time matters, and the longer we allow the situation to continue or the longer we take to gradually wear them down, the more people under their sway become resigned to that and the deeper their roots go where they are. an air campaign has its merits, it probably disrupts and demoralizes of course. on the other hand, it is starting to feel more and more like they have to be confronted on the ground with more force than we have been able to do up
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until now. >> what is your assessment of the video released today, saying just as we did in paris, we will do that in washington. quite a specific threat there. >> in my experience with terrorism, you are always smart to take seriously what they say because they going try to do it. whether they succeed or not is another matter, but i think we need to take it seriously as though it were going to happen. >> what kind of counterterrorism measures do you expect to be put in place? >> there are things the u.s. government does and there are things that the average citizen can do. intelligence assets will be swiveled in order to swarm or gang up on the problem, both in terms of technical and human intelligence. >> also intelligence sharing with our allies internationally? >> if i'm comparing this to
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after 9/11, a lot of barriers to sharing will come down. they have done this now in about eight different countries at some level. we face a common threat. that tends to bring people together in the intelligence world. so that will happen. for the average citizen, our homeland security department has a motto that i would encourage people to think about and act on. that is if you see something, say something. that has been the secret often to disrupting terrorist plots. in new york city, for example, it was a street lender in 2010 that noticed a truck was not right, and that prevented by his alert a truck bomb in times square that would have sent fragments through blocks of new york city. so when people see something that they are concerned about, they should speak up and tell someone. >> thank you very much for joining us, i appreciate it.
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>> your watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, we hear the harrowing stories of those caught in friday's attacks and the anguish of those who still don't know the fate of their loved ones. the paris attacks have cost a growing number of american politicians to rethink the idea of accepting syrian refugees. more than a dozen governors have said they would not let any such migrants into their state for fear that terrorist could sneak into their borders. for more, here's jane o'brien. state department officials say the u.s. remains committed to taking in 10,000 syrian refugees next year as part of a global effort to lessen the load on europe. but that is the federal government, and the governors of some individual states say, not so fast. >> this is just be prudent and make sure some terrorist element
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is not entering our country. >> michigan's governor was the first to express concerns about letting in syrian migrants. at least 15 others, mainly republicans, have followed suit. the issue even popped up on the presidential campaign trail. suggesting priority be given to syrian christians over other groups. >> another wants what he is calling an ideological test. at the g 20 summit today in turkey, president obama hit back. >> when i hear political leaders suggesting that there would be a religious test, that is shameful. that is not american. it is not who we are. reuters polls suggest that 52% of americans think that makesing syrian refugees
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the country less safe. that would put the governors in step with the majority of america and it would lead to syrian refugees looking for shelter elsewhere. jane o'brien, bbc news, washington. >> ever since the attacks on friday, we have been hearing chilling tales of witnesses and learning more about 129 people who lost their lives. there are still more than 29 people in intensive care. our paris correspondent has more details on the victims. >> today was a day for remembering, as if anyone here could forget. these images, the stories, and now the collective memory of a nation. an attack were everyone was a target and the line between
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victims and survivors wafer thin. >> people just enjoying themselves on friday night, having a few drinks, having a good time. it was just this quick succession of bullets just popping, of cracking noise. i think a lot of people thought it was fireworks, part of the show. then where is a gasp and the band stopped playing. we were just a bit confused, what is going on, and then it happened again. >> she and her friend ran when they heard the gunfire, straight down into a seller with no way out. >> we were not walking out of that building. you don't survive things like that. all we could hear at that point was a stampede, people were
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running and screaming, gunfire, and bodies hitting the floor. >> at another site, another story. a birthday party on friday ended with a family destroyed. among the survivors, two brothers who worked there. >> there were three birthday parties. the place was full. they killed everyone. my two sisters, my friends, and my sister's friends. >> paris streets that night were littered with bodies. the prime minister has said at least 20 have not yet been identified. amid the stories of survival and of loss, there are endings still waiting to be written. partners, children's, friends, still missing. and families leaving this
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official crisis center empty-handed, as around them, paris slowly begins to move on. this is where you come when there is nowhere else to go. when a minute's silence is just another minute of waiting for news, of wondering whether to mourn them, whether they are gone. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. >> that brings today's program to a close you can find all the latest news and development on the paris attacks at the bbc website with full analysis from our correspondence on the ground. check us out on twitter for all .he updates as president hollande's leading tributes for nation in mourning, we leave you tonight with the eiffel tower, lit up in the national colors of red, white, and blue.
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the nation had a minute of silence to remember those killed in the attacks, 129 people. from all of us here, thank you for watching. good night. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and hong kong tourism board. >> i'm going to take you on a culinary journey to consume a whole cow. look at all of these beef dishes. i love eating like this.
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one thing you should not miss in hong kong is sea milk. this is great. my gift to you, slow-cooked beef tongue in chocolate basil sauce. cheers. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff . >> ifill: tonight, we devote the full newshour to coverage of the islamic state attacks and their aftermath. >> woodruff: as an international manhunt continues to find those involved, we are on the ground in europe. >> sreenivasan: i'm hari sreenivasan in paris. a city in mourning, but resolute to fight the terrorists. >> reporter: and i'm malcom brabant in brussels, the scene of a massive police operation to capture one of the suspects. >> ifill: plus discussions on the threat of isis and what is being done to turn them back. >> woodruff: all tonight on the pbs newshour.


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